What is saffron

زمان مطالعه: ۲ دقیقه

What is saffron

What is saffron


?Greeks claim that saffron came from their land first, tell that to any Iranian and you will

get a laughter! A stronger hypothesis says that cultivation of saffron first took place in

Iran. The arguments on origins of the precious spice are endless, so let’s take a look at the

fact that currently, Iranians are the biggest producers of saffron in the world (85% of the

world’s saffron grown in a year, roughly about 390 tons!) The number is huge, considering

that every 500 saffron stigmas weighs only one gram.


Saffron has long been used as a special seasoning in Iranian kitchens. A thin layer of saffron mixed rice on top of the

white pile of rice and barberries, next to aroma and color of chicken kebab (joojeh kabab), all promise a welcoming

hospitality. Iranians appreciate saffron and use it moderately, they believe that overuse of saffron can harm their

mental health. They enjoy it in the flavorful saffron ice cream (Bastani Sonnati) in hot days of summer, or serve it in

bowls of sweet rice pudding (Sholeh Zard) in religious ceremonies. Some people also make a refreshing herbal tea

out of it, along with rose petals.

Phytochemistry and sensory properties

Saffron contains some 28 volatile and aroma-yielding compounds, dominated by ketones and aldehydes. An aroma

chemical analysis showed that the main aroma-active compounds were safranal – the main compound responsible

for saffron aroma – ۴-ketoisophorone, and dihydrooxophorone.[ Saffron also contains

nonvolatile phytochemicals, including carotenoids, including zeaxanthin, lycopene, and various α- and β-carotenes.




Saffron has a long history of use in traditional medicine. Saffron has also been used as a fabric dye, particularly in

China and India, and in perfumery. It is used for religious purposes in India

Sales of Iranian export saffron with the management of Meysam Mohammadi Sales in general and in part to all parts of the world

contact with us: 00989027780888



Hi. If you are interested in purchasing saffron, leave a message. We are available for any kind of question!
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